constitution

constitution
The organic and fundamental law of a nation or state, which may be written or unwritten, establishing the character and conception of its government, laying the basic principles to which its internal life is to be conformed, organizing the government, and regulating, distributing, and limiting the functions of its different departments, and prescribing the extent and manner of the exercise of sovereign powers. A charter of government deriving its whole authority from the governed. The written instrument agreed upon by the people of the Union (e.g. United States Constitution) or of a particular state, as the absolute rule of action and decision for all departments (i.e. branches) and officers of the government in respect to all the points covered by it, which must control until it shall be changed by the authority which established it (i.e. by amendment), and in opposition to which any act or ordinance of any such department or officer is null and void. The full text of the U.S. Constitution appears at the end of this dictionary. In a more general sense, any fundamental or important law or edict; as the Novel Constitutions of Justinian; the Constitutions of Clarendon

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • constitution — [ kɔ̃stitysjɔ̃ ] n. f. • constitucion « ordonnance, règlement » v. 1170; lat. constitutio « institution » I ♦ 1 ♦ Dr. Action d établir légalement. ⇒ établissement, institution. Constitution de rente, de pension. Constitution de partie civile :… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Constitution De L'an I — Droit constitutionnel | Constitutions françaises : Histoire constitutionnelle … de 1791 · texte · Monarchie co …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Constitution de l'an i — Droit constitutionnel | Constitutions françaises : Histoire constitutionnelle … de 1791 · texte · Monarchie co …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Constitution De L'an X — Constitutions Textes Régime politique Constitution de 1791 texte …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Constitution de l'An X — Constitutions Textes Régime politique Constitution de 1791 texte …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Constitution de l'an x — Constitutions Textes Régime politique Constitution de 1791 texte …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Constitution de l’An X — Constitution de l an X Constitutions Textes Régime politique Constitution de 1791 texte …   Wikipédia en Français

  • constitution — con·sti·tu·tion n [Latin constitutio system, fundamental principles (of an institution), from constituere to set up, establish] 1: the basic principles and laws of a nation, state, or social group that determine the powers and duties of the… …   Law dictionary

  • constitution — con‧sti‧tu‧tion [ˌkɒnstˈtjuːʆn ǁ ˌkɑːnstˈtuː ] noun [countable] 1. LAW the system of basic laws and principles that a democratic country is governed by, which cannot easily be changed by the political party in power: • The First Amendment of… …   Financial and business terms

  • constitution — CONSTITUTION. subs. f. Composition. La forme et la matière entrent dans la constitution du corps naturel. f♛/b] Il se dit aussi De l établissement, de la creation d une rente, d une pension; et les rentes mêmes s appellent des Constitutions. Un… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Constitution — Con sti*tu tion (k[o^]n st[ict]*t[=u] sh[u^]n), n. [F. constitution, L. constitutio.] 1. The act or process of constituting; the action of enacting, establishing, or appointing; enactment; establishment; formation. [1913 Webster] 2. The state of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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